Petroleum which is also known as Pet coke is a by-product that is created by the series of processes that are performed by using bitumen, which is found in tar sands. This bitumen is then refined into crude oil thus as a result, petroleum coke is formed. Bitumen consists of a high number of carbon atoms present, compared to regular oil, thus, when the heat is used to extract these atoms are extracted from large hydrocarbon molecules, these hydrocarbon molecules form petroleum coke.
The petroleum coke that is of high quality does not contain much amount of sulfur and heavy metals. Thus, businesses and industries can use petroleum coke to make electrodes for the industry of steel and aluminum. However, a large part of almost 70-80% of petroleum coke that is manufactured around the world is of a much lower quality because of the fact that it contains very high levels of sulfur and heavy metals, thus it is used solely for the purpose of fuel.
This petroleum coke is considered to be a very useful product in the process of production of electrodes that are not only used as carbon anodes in the industry of aluminum and as graphite electrodes but they are also used for the purpose of steelmaking, as the fuel that is used in the fuel boilers is used to generate electricity and it is a source of fuel for cement kilns.
For the industries and businesses, Petroleum coke is considered to be a safe and convenient option as there is a very low risk of its combustion since it is considered a very stable fuel. But in case, even if it combusts which is mainly due to the high carbon content, it releases up to 10% more carbon dioxide per unit of energy than normal coal. Thus, this property of petroleum coke is a reason that it is considered a huge contributor to the creation of greenhouse gases.
it depends on a variety of factors specific to each individual business. Some factors that may influence the cost effectiveness of petroleum Coke include its production costs, whether or not incorporating it into products increases manufacturing costs, and the consumer market for products containing petroleum Coke. Petroleum coke is famous in industries because of its low ash content and for its property of being least toxic. These are some basic factors that are well known in the industries and are the reasons that are the drive if its demand would be seen in the near future. When bought through a certified petroleum coke factory it is proven to be very cost-effective and the least expensive option that can easily be exported. It is an inexpensive source of fuel that could be used by businesses and industries in order to save costs and to make their businesses profitable. It is expected that the production of petroleum coal would continue to boost as long as it keeps on providing benefits to both, the importers and the exporter.